Published: 09/23/2016

There are a lot of facts you can learn about gum disease this National Gum Care Month in September. You may hear about common symptoms, risks or treatments. You can also learn a few basics about the different types of gum disease in Ft. Lauderdale, FL.

1. Gingivitis: A reversible disease, gingivitis, is fairly mild when compared to other gum afflictions. This disease is usually associated with little to no discomfort of the gums, but inflammation, bleeding and redness is common. The causes of this illness usually include poor oral health, such as a lack of proper brushing and flossing. Other factors may make a person more susceptible to this disease.

2. Chronic Periodontitis: When gingivitis goes untreated, it can morph into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis, which occurs when plaque is embedded under the gum line. The plaque, which is full of bacteria, irritates the gums to the point where the body’s inflammatory response starts attacking the bones and tissue that support the teeth. Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of periodontitis and is differentiated by the pocket formation and potential recession of the gums.

3. Necrosis: Another form of periodontitis, necrotizing periodontal disease is characterized by lesions on the gums. The loss of the gum tissues, alveolar bone and periodontal ligaments which causes the lesions is often found in a patient who also suffers from a systemic condition, such as malnutrition or an HIV infection.

4. System Diseases: Some forms of periodontitis manifest because of a different problem within the body. Conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease and respiratory disease, may lead to a unique type of periodontitis, or vice versa.

It is important you are familiar with the different types of gum disease in Ft. Lauderdale, FL, so you can take proper care of your gums. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Thomas K. McCawley or Dr. Mark N. McCawley by calling 954-703-6707 today.

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